The Eiffel Tower, named after its creator, is a symbol of Paris and all of France. Without it, it is impossible to imagine any tourist postcard with the image of Paris, and every year the attraction is visited by several million people. So, here are some amazing facts about the Eiffel Tower.
Who Designed the Eiffel Tower
The construction of the future symbol of the city was completed in 1889. The construction was timed to coincide with the opening of the World Exhibition, which was held in the same year in the French capital.
1889 was the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. The leadership of the Third Republic decided to impress the population and guests with a truly unusual structure. A competition was announced, which was won by the firm of engineer Gustave Eiffel. This project proposed constructing a huge 300-meter building in the city center. Engineers Emile Nouguier and Maurice Kehlen played leading roles in the project’s development. After closing the World Exhibition, the structure was supposed to be dismantled.
To many Parisians, ??building a vast futuristic-looking structure in the very center of the city seemed unsuccessful. Writers – Alexandre Dumas son, Emile Zola, Guy de Maupassant, composer Charles Gounod – opposed.
What Metal Is the Tower Made of?
The Eiffel Tower is made of iron, not steel. The puddling iron for the tower was made at a factory in Pompe in the east of France in Lorraine, while the iron plates and beams were assembled directly in Levallois-Perret, from where they were delivered to the construction site. This system made it possible to build the tower in record time – 2 years, 2 months, and 5 days.
Reason for Building the Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower was built as one of the main exhibits of the World Exhibition in Paris in 1889. That year, the World Exhibition entirely occupied the Champ de Mars. The theme of the exhibition was structures made of iron and steel. At that time, they were considered the main industrial breakthrough.
The 300-meter tower was soon named after its creator, Gustave Eiffel. It was opened to the public when the World Exhibition began on May 15, 1889.
Before and after the construction, reviews in art circles about it were different. But the Eiffel Tower’s bold architectural and design concept drew visitors to it – more than 2 million people came to see the tower in its first year.
Is the Eiffel Tower a Symbol of France?
With its size (324 meters high) and unique silhouette, the Eiffel Tower soaring above Paris has quickly become one of the most popular attractions in Paris. The fate of the tower is closely connected with the fate of the French capital. From the very first day, the Eiffel Tower has served as a stage for many events in the life of Paris and all of France: the grandiose fireworks on July 14 on Bastille Day, sports, and cultural events.
The tower can be seen from different points in Paris and the surrounding area. She is photographed, drawn, filmed, mentioned in stories and poems. It is not surprising that the Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of France in the minds of many.
What Does the Eiffel Tower Mean to the French?
The Eiffel Tower has been a symbol of Paris and France for 130 years. Since its first opening, its design has amazed the world. It symbolizes French know-how and the skill of French architects. Today it can be seen from anywhere in Paris day and night. Even in the morning, when its lights are lit at certain times of the day. Its reflected light can be seen up to 80 km away.
The Eiffel Tower has been a witness and sometimes a protagonist of many important events in the history of France. In the early years, there was a scientific laboratory here. By the way, the research carried out here saved the tower from liquidation, which was envisaged 20 years after its construction. The creation of Gustave Eiffel served as a radio and television tower for 12 million inhabitants of the Île-de-France region. Today, the tower’s lights are turned off in memory of the victims of tragedies worldwide. Today, the Eiffel Tower is not just a symbol – it is a means of expressing solidarity between Paris and France.
Why Does the Eiffel Tower Have Such a Shape?
You need to go back to the tower’s design to answer this question. Two engineers who worked for the Eiffel company conceived a 300-meter metal tower for the World Exhibition in Paris in 1889. These engineers specialized in large metal structures: bridges, railway stations, viaducts. Therefore, it is logical that the first draft of the tower showed a mast on 4 supports, each of which was made of 4 beams connected by auxiliary diagonal beams. This shape is reminiscent of the largest viaducts made at that time by the Eiffel.
Why Can’t You Take Pictures of the Eiffel Tower at Night?
The tower and its image had been known to the public for some time. In June 1990, however, a French court ruled that the special lighting of the tower to celebrate its centennial in 1989 constituted an “original visual design” protected by copyright. The lighting of the Eiffel Tower is now considered a separate work of art, subject to the copyright of the Société d ‘Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel (Society for the Exploitation of the Eiffel Tower). As a result, SNTE claims that it is illegal in France and some other countries to publish contemporary photographs of the illuminated tower without permission for commercial purposes.
Is the Eiffel Tower a Work of Art?
Initially, no one thought of the tower as a piece of art. It was the result of the work of architects and engineers. The Eiffel company’s tower design was chosen from 107 other similar projects.
How Many People Visit the Eiffel Tower Every Year?
The Eiffel Tower is a must-stop for all visitors to Paris. Just over 6 million people climb the tower every year. The tower is open every day from 9:30 to 23:45.
How Many Floors Does the Eiffel Tower Have?
Three floors of the Eiffel Tower are open to visitors: the 1st floor, the second floor, and the observation deck. On the second floor and the observation deck – two levels each. The first two floors can be reached either on foot or by lift. The observation deck can only be reached by elevator.
What’s Inside the Eiffel Tower?
When the Eiffel Tower was built, there were three restaurants on the first level – one French, one Russian, one Flemish, and an Anglo-American bar. After the exposition was closed, the Flemish restaurant was converted into a theater with 250 seats. A 2.6 meters (8 ft 6 in) wide promenade ran outside the first level. At the top, there were laboratories for various experiments and small apartments that Gustave Eiffel used to entertain guests. The apartment is currently open to the public, complete with scenery from the period and realistic mannequins of Eiffel and some of his notable guests.
In May 2016, the first floor was created where the four tournament winners lived during the UEFA Euro 2016 soccer tournament held in Paris in June. It has a kitchen, two bedrooms, and a living room with views of Parisian landmarks such as the River Seine, the Sacré-Coeur, and the Arc de Triomphe.
How Much Does the Eiffel Tower Weigh?
The Eiffel Tower weighs 10,000 tons. The weight of the metal frame alone is 7300 tons. And the paint of the tower weighs only 60 tons.
Functions of the Eiffel Tower
The tower has been used for radio broadcasting since the early 20th century: until the 1950s, the top of the tower was connected by a cable suspended from anchors in Suffle Street and Champ de Mars. It was connected to a long-wave transmitter in a small bunker; in 1909 a permanent underground radio center was built under the south column, which still exists today; on November 20, 1913, the Paris Observatory used the Eiffel Tower as its antenna, and the US Navy used an antenna in Arlington, Virginia. Radio waves were exchanged with the observatory. This communication aimed to measure the difference in longitude between Paris and Washington. Today radio and television signals are transmitted through the Eiffel Tower.
- FM radio
- TV antenna on the Eiffel Tower
A television antenna was first installed on the tower in 1957, adding 18.7 m (61.4 ft) to its height. Work carried out in 2000 added another 5.3 m (17.4 ft), giving the current height of 324 m (1,063 ft). Analog television signals from the Eiffel Tower were discontinued on March 8, 2011.
Eiffel Tower in Popular Culture
The Eiffel Tower has been portrayed as a global landmark in films, video games, and television shows.
In a commitment ceremony in 2007, American Erika Eiffel “married” the Eiffel Tower; her relationship with the tower has been the subject of extensive global publicity.
Despite being the world’s tallest structure on completion in 1889, the Eiffel Tower lost its reputation as both the tallest lattice tower and the tallest structure in France. The height with the new antenna is 324 meters (as of 2010).
Perhaps, if you conduct a survey among travelers about which attraction is the most recognizable in the world, the main symbol of Paris, the Eiffel Tower, will win, without a doubt.
The Eiffel Tower is recognized as the most photographed landmark in the world. Maybe this is because it can be seen from many points in Paris, and it will fall into the camera lens? Every traveler who has visited Paris must have taken a picture with the Eiffel Tower in the background.